ISRAEL: LGBT HISTORY

As A visitor in Israel, you feel like you're in gay heaven. but the fight of the LGBT community for equal rights is still going on, and some say it's only just started.

Homosexuality was forbidden by law in Israel untill 1988. Altough the LGBT community in Israel had won many legal battles and gain several rights since then, the path for equaliy is still going on.

here are some milestones on that path

1974

The Masks Parade – Twenty homosexual men (and one straight woman) walk around Rabin Square wearing masks, and demanding rights for homosexual.

1975

 Founding of the Agudah. Approximately 12 men decide to initiate “a national task force that will be recognized by the Israeli public and will officially represent the homosexual community.”

1977

September 17 – The Aguda sponsors “Aliziada,” the first ever pride event in Israel, in Hayarkon Park. The event marks the first anniversary of the Aguda.

1978

May – During the first feminist convention in Beer Sheva a group of lesbians form ALEF – a lesbian feminist organization. The organization organizes parties and lectures, but dissolves at the beginning of the 80’s .

1979

The forth international convention for Jewish gays and lesbians was held during the summer, including participants from New York’s CBST. The “Marina” Hotel and Kibbutz Ma’ale Hachamisha guest house cancel the reservations for accomodations, for fear of losing their kosher certificates. The 30-60 convention participants end up demonstrating in Rabin Square, supported by the Lesbian Feminist Organization. The group also plants a 3000 tree forest in the south of Israel, but until 1992, Keren Kayemet Le’Israel refuses to put up a sign with the real identity of the donors.

1983

First gay-themed movies – the first feature film by Amos Guttman , “Nagua,” is released. The movies are banned from screening, which caused a public controversy.

1985

Israel AIDS Task Force is launched. The first activities include an HIV test at the Theater Club, then the biggest gay club in the country.

1988

The ban on consensual same-sex sexual acts is formally repealed by the Knesset, thanks to Shulamit Aloni.

1989

Jonathan Danilovitch vs. El Al: Danilovitch demands that the Israeli Airline company will recognize his partner as a spouse entitled to the same advantages as heterosexual spouses of El Al workers.

June – first pride week celebrations, 20 years after Stonewall

1991

 A correction of the Equality in the Work Place law so it will include LGBT people is accepted. It becomes effective on January 2, 1992.

1993

The new army law becomes effective. It promises equality in recruiting LGBT people into the army. However, commanders were still obligated to report any knowledge of a gay or lesbian soldier in their units.

First ever gay pride parade – Avi Soffer, then the Executive Director of the Aguda, and his partner Avi Robinstein, organize a parade of 14 vehicles that moved and honked along Dizengoff St., carrying rainbow flags. The parade continued to an event at Sheinkin Garden, where surprisingly a large number of gays and lesbians and their straight friends came to participate.

1994

For the first time in Israel’s history, gay and lesbian activists enter Yad Vashem, the national Holocaust Memorial site near Jerusalem, in order to hold a ceremony in memoriam of gays and lesbians who were persecuted during the Holocaust.

1995

Ministry of Interior approves same sex couples changing their last name to the same last name.

1997

first pride event in Jerusalem

1988

Dana International wins Eurovision for Israel

First Gay Pride, in the format that is known today, was organized in Tel Aviv.

2000

The Knesset reduces the age definition of a minor, with whom consensual homosexual sex is allowed, from 18 to 16.

The Knesset passes a law that bans discrimination based on sexual orientation in giving services, entrance to public and entertainment facilities and supply of products.

2001

First pride parades in Jerusalem, Haifa and Eilat.

Professor Uzi Even was elected to the Knesset as number 13 on the Meretz party list, and became a Member of the Knesset for three months in 2001. That made him the first ever publicly out MK in the history of Israel.

2004

Nazereth regional court accepts the demand of a homosexual man that he be recognized as the legal heir of his partner who passed away

2005

Yshai Shlisel, an Orthodox Jewish man, stabbed three participants during Jerusalem Gay Pride. After claiming in court that he came “to murder in the name of G-d,” he was sentenced to 12 years in jail.

2006

Israel marks IDAHO day for the first time.

2009

The 2009 Tel Aviv gay centre shooting resulted in the deaths of two people and injuries to at least fifteen others at the Tel Aviv branch of the Israeli LGBT Association, at the “Bar-Noar”

2015

The israeli parliament "Knesset" is holding the first official LGBT day at the Knesset in Jerusalem

 


source: awiderbridge.org

עוד בנושא

תגובות

השארת תגובה

אתר אחד לכל ההומואים הלסביות הביסקסואלים הטרנס* הקווירים הביסקסואליות הא-מיניים הלהט"ב הפאן-פולי

גלילה לראש העמוד
דילוג לתוכן